The British Paediatric Neurology Association (BPNA) Annual Report highlights Sudanese paediatric neurologists
The BPNA 2014- 2015 Annual Report highlighted the new partnership model of the international Paediatric Epilepsy Training (PET) programme, first launched in Sudan and India. Dr Maha A. Elseed, Dr Ahlam A. Hamed and Dr Inaam N. Mohammed (photo: left to right) were featured in the Report, having acted as PET Sudan leads.
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New hopes to treat the flesh-eating, bone-destroying disease mycetoma
Mycetoma has been overlooked by global health authorities for a considerable period. In Sudan, the socioeconomic consequences are grave: children drop out of school and their peer group, and young adults cannot finish their training or find a job or a spouse. In January 2016, the Executive Board of the WHO endorsed adding mycetoma to the neglected diseases list. Final approval by the World Health Assembly meeting in May 2016 will pave the way for funding organizations to support the much-needed epidemiologic and other research. The photo shows Prof. Ahmed Fahal (right), Director of the Mycetoma Research Center, University of Khartoum and Nathalie Strub Wourgaft (left), of the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative, examining a patient. To learn more click here.
Sudanese Paediatrician Appointed High Sheriff of Northamptonshire, United Kingdom
Dr Ahmed Ibrahim Mukhtar, Sudanese Paediatrician who has been medical director at Kettering General Hospital for eight years, was appointed High Sheriff of Northamptonshire, United Kingdom (UK) in the spring of 2015. Dr Ahmed I. Mukhtar, who spent over 40 years working in medicine, is a member of the International Editorial Board of the Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics (SJP). He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum (U of K) and has been the President of the U of K Medical Students Union. He has also served for a number of years on the governing council of University College Northampton and its successor the University of Northampton, UK. To learn more click here.
Paediatric neurology at the confluence of the Blue and White Niles
The faculties of the International Child Neurology Association (ICNA) and the British Paediatric Neurology Association (BPNA), together with a team of speech, language and occupational therapists, London NHS Trust visited the pyramids of the Kushite rulers of Meroe. Meroe, the Southern Capital of the Napta / Meroitic Kingdom (800BC - 350AD), was a major power in the ancient world and is one of The World Heritage Sites of UNESCO (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1336). This was during a major paediatric neurology event, which targeted specialists, general paediatricians, neurologists, physicians, nurses and para-medical staff, and took place during the period January 27-31, 2015 in Khartoum at the confluence of the Blue and White Niles. To learn more click here:
The Lancet highlights the pioneering work of a Sudanese Paediatric Cardiologist
In its Perspective Section The Lancet (one of the world's oldest and best known general medical journals [founded in 1823]) highlighted the pioneering work of Prof. Sulafa Khalid Ali, Consultant Paediatric Cardiologist, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan. Prof. Sulafa has recently published an article in the Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics highlighting her pioneering work in controlling rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Sudan. (Sudan J Paediatr 2014; 14(1):21-24)
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A new technique for treating elbow fractures in children
Every year, 25,000 children (aged 5-8 years) require surgery for fractured elbows. A new closed reduction technique for the supracondylar elbow fractures in children has been developed by a Sudanese - born orthopedic surgeon working in the United Kingdom. Speaking about the new technique Mr Elrasheid Saed commented that current procedures to correct these fractures require counter traction by standard method and may need open reduction fixation. This new technique (now known as Saed TFC) can be done without open surgery. To learn more click here:
New treatment for a neglected tropical disease
Mycetoma constitutes a serious health problem with high morbidity in endemic subtropical areas leading to severe deformity and disability both in children and adults. The disease has recently been recognized by the WHO as a neglected tropical condition.
The recalcitrant nature of the disease necessitates prolonged antifungal therapy combined with massive and repeated surgical debridement, and in severe cases, amputation of the affected part may be the only remaining treatment option. A new antifungal therapy, Ravuconazole, was reported recently to be an effective and affordable therapeutic option for the treatment of eumycetoma. The study was an international collaborative research involving scientists from Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan; Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan; CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands; as well as scientists from institutes and universities in The Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, USA, China and Brazil. To learn more click here:
A new modified strabismus surgery
Strabismus is misalignment of the eyes which affects about 3% of children. If left untreated, it causes vision loss due to amblyopia in about 50% of cases and results in a significant adverse cosmetic effect. To treat strabismus, the eyes are aligned surgically when nonsurgical methods are unsuccessful. Other than the plan of surgery, the most challenging task in strabismus surgery is proper suturing of the eye muscles. A simple and efficient way to do that has been developed in Omdurman, Sudan. To learn more click here.
New evidence that may change traditional treatment of childhood severe malaria in endemic countries
The African quinine versus artesunate malaria trial (AQUAMAT) has now proved that parenteral artesunate is superior to quinine in children with severe malaria. The AQUAMAT trial represents the largest trial on hospitalized patients with severe malaria ever completed, with 5425 patients, equally divided in two treatment groups exposed to artesunate and quinine, respectively. For details click here.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis offers the awaited hope for preventingneurogenetic disorders
A consanguineous Sudanese family, followed for eight years, with multiple children affected by a devastating neurogenetic / neurometabolic disorder (isolated sulphite oxidase deficiency) managed to have a normal child following preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and in vitro fertilization. The story and its scientific background was recently published in the Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. The study was a collaborative research between the College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, and Saad Specialist Hospital, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. For details click here
An ancient abnormal gene migrating from the Arabian Peninsula to Sudan
A recent genetic study on a congenital form of muscle disease affecting a Sudanese family (living in the central part of Sudan) and three other Saudi families found the same gene mutation in the four families, suggesting remote consanguinity and a founder effect in all four families. The study was a collaborative work between King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; University of Khartoum, Sudan, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Children’s Hospital, Boston; University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; and Foundation IRCCS Neurological Institute C. Besta, Italy. To learn more:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22166137
The wonder foods, mango, pumpkin, baobab and godeim
Growing children still need plenty of energy. As they have small stomachs and large energy needs, their meals need to be more frequent and regular than an adult. In most developing countries the prevalence of under nutrition and micronutrient deficiencies is high among children. The diets commonly fed to them do not contain enough energy and micronutrient to meet daily requirements. But Common foods like mango, pumpkin baobab and godeim can be used to prepare to fulfill the nutrition deficiency......More......
Image Credit: Dr. Omar Mohammed Salih Abdelmuti, Ph.D
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